The primary role of analysts is to network and serve as the venture firm’s “boots on the ground” in an intelligence-gathering capacity. Analysts are also tasked with performing preliminary screening, business analysis, and market research. It is best to consult a lawyer or a national private equity or venture capital association if you are uncertain about your accredited status. There are certain categories of investments that are not considered securities, including commodities and futures (governed by theCommodity Futures Trading Commission ) and certain real estate transactions. You should speak with an experienced attorney before concluding that any form of investment relationship does not involve a security. Hedge Fund managers that are subject to federal or stateinvestment advisorregistration may only earn a performance allocation from investors that are “qualified clients”. A private placement memorandum (“PPM”), also known as a private offering document and confidential offering memorandum, is a securities disclosure document used in a private offering of securities. From the company’s perspective, the purpose of a PPM is to provide the necessary disclosures about the company and itssecuritiesto protect the company against claims of misstatements or omissions.

Asset-backed loanLoan, typically from a commercial bank, that is backed by asset collateral, often belonging to the entrepreneurial firm or the entrepreneur. A part of an Asset Purchase Agreement that outlines the statements of facts or the assurances about the business that a seller is making to a buyer. For example, a seller may represent that all accounts receivables reflected on a balance sheet are valid, earned and collectible in the ordinary course of business. Proceeds received by a business owner in the sale of a business after any post closing adjustments such as Escrow payments or Working Capital Adjustments. An individual that solicits and represents business owners that are considering selling their business and acts as an intermediary between sellers and buyers. The reduction of the value of an intangible asset (such as goodwill, intellectual property, patents, etc.) by spreading its cost over the useful life of the asset. Style of active management in which a manager tries to outperform benchmarks or peers by finding assets that are cheap compared to their assets or earnings.

Glossary Of Funding Types

As opposed to some other platforms, who operate as the lender, EQUITYMULTIPLE “syndicates” portions of existing loans originated by experienced sponsors. In real estate, primary markets are metropolitan areas with substantial populations, high asset liquidity, and a large volume of property transactions. The length of ownership of an asset, usually for investment real estate. Weighted average maturity – measures the weighted average of the maturities of the portfolio’s individual holdings, taking into account reset dates for floating rate securities. U.S. high-yield financial bonds are high-yield bonds issued by companies that provide financial services to commercial and retail customers, and that are domiciled in the U.S.
private equity glossary
A ratio used to evaluate a portfolio’s return for a given level of ‘bad’ risk. It is a modification of the Sharpe ratio, quantifying only the downside risk, as measured by returns below the risk-free rate. A high Sortino ratio indicates the return is high compared to the downside risk taken. Fund managers use this technique to borrow then sell what they believe are overvalued assets, with the intention of buying them back for less when the price falls.

Weighted Average Unexpired Lease Term

This ratio shows a potential investor the percentage of a fund’s committed capital that has actually been drawn down. Limited partners want to see higher RVPI ratios, which demonstrate the total multiplied values of their up-front capital costs. It provides a measurement, in conjunction with the investment multiple, of how much of the fund’s return is unrealized private equity glossary and dependent on the market value of its investments. The investment multiple is also known as the total value to paid-in multiple. It is calculated by dividing the fund’s cumulative distributions and residual value by the paid-in capital. It provides insight into the fund’s performance by showing the fund’s total value as a multiple of its cost basis.
private equity glossary
A finder is an individual who is not registered with FINRA as a broker-dealer, but who locates potential investors on behalf of an issuer and then facilitates an introduction between the investor and the company. Only registered broker-dealers may receivetransaction-based compensation. Hedge fund managers that manage only pooled investment funds need not register as a CTA unless they manage separately managed accounts. Rather, most hedge fund managers trading futures would register as a commodity pool operator . Angel InvestorAn investor who invests their own money into early stage companies and also provides assistance to help the company grow. Under contractThe period of time after a seller has accepted a buyer’s offer to purchase a property and during which the buyer is able to perform its due diligence and finalize financing arrangements. During this time, the seller is precluded from entertaining offers from other buyers.

A vehicle for pooling capital with other partners to invest in underlying companies. The amount of cash or other liquid assets available for a fund to deploy, based on capital committed to the fund by investors. Focuses primarily on stable, income producing properties, but also invests in some properties with growth potential. Core-Plus is often the most conservative strategy, distinguished by a lower risk, lower return potential. Based on a percentage of return, it is usually payable to the fund manager only after certain conditions have been met in regards to the performance of the fund. Carried Interest is sometimes referred to as ‘carry’ or ‘profit share’ or ‘override’. The amount of money that an investor commits to investing in the fund. The commitment will be made at the closing and the capital will be called by the fund as needed during the fund term. The total market value of the assets controlled by a fund, including the value of investments as well as uninvested capital. A single-family office is a privately held company responsible for handling the wealth and investment management for an individual family and its generational members via dedicated staff and services.

A number of private equity ratios such as the investment, PIC, and RVIP multiples are used by PE firms to present their performance to prospective investors. The amount of capital invested is often substantial and provided by accredited or institutional investors. Because of the non-public nature of private equity, it can be difficult to understand the lingo used by insiders. Individuals who use their own capital to make private equity investments. A program funded by a government agency used to make private equity investments. A private equity fund that received its capital directly from the service provider that raised the fund. A private equity fund funded directly from an investee company’s management. A private equity fund that received its capital directly from the industrial/non-financial corporation that raised the fund.

Distributions occur primarily after investment realizations but can also occur after other income events such as interest or dividend payments. Distributions are primarily made in cash, but can be made stock of the underlying investment. A document which describes a company’s management, business strategy, and goals. In the context of Private Equity, business plans are usually put together in conjunction with a buyout of a company to ensure proper strategic development of the investment. ESG may be referred to as “ESG investments” or “Responsible investing.” An investor portal is a method of delivering information to investors and other parties virtually. An investor portal differs from other data delivery methods, like a virtual data room, in that it provides a two-way channel of information sharing between investors and fund managers.

Seed money usually takes the structure of a loan or an investment in preferred stock or convertible bonds, although sometimes it is common stock. Seed money provides startup companies with the capital required for their initial development and growth. Angel investors and early-stage venture capital funds often provide seed money. An investment in non-public securities of, typically, private companies. Also an investment asset class typically reserved for large institutional investors such as pension funds and endowments as well as high net worth individuals.


An investment strategy involving portfolio companies that have not yet fully established commercial operations, and may also involve continued research and product development. The date on which the Limited Partner made its first investment in private equity or other asset class. This calculation involves treating all funds as a single “fund” by summing their monthly cash flows together. A fund that will be used to purchase existing interests in buyout, venture capital or mezzanine funds. The price at which the company’s shares are offered at the initial public offering . The MoneyTree deals measure cash-for-equity investments by the professional venture capital community in private emerging companies in the U.S.
private equity glossary
The managers of these funds are called “private equity real estate managers,” or simply “real estate investment managers.” Private equity funds can be structured either as open-end funds or as closed-end funds. BetaAlso referred to as “the Beta coefficient,” Beta is a statistical term used by money managers operating in the tradable equities securities market. Essentially, Beta is a measure of the volatility, or systematic risk, of a particular security or a portfolio in comparison to the market as a whole. Beta typically is used as a component of the capital asset pricing model , which calculates the expected return of an asset based on its beta and expected market returns.
Typical expenses covered in such a lease include taxes, insurance, maintenance and utilities. CMBS offerings are generally divided into rated and unrated classes, or tranches, according to seniority and risk. Higher-rated tranches allow for internal credit enhancements; lower-rated classes offer higher yields. Total inventoryThe total square footage of a type of property within a geographical area, whether vacant or occupied. TitleThe means whereby the owner has the just and full possession of real property.

  • Overhang will tend to put upward pressure on valuations, raise suspicions that deal quality may be sacrificed in order to put money to work, and may also stretch out the fund cycle.
  • These classes include shares, bonds, property, cash and overseas investments.
  • This ratio shows a potential investor the percentage of a fund’s committed capital that has actually been drawn down.
  • Historically, this has involved a large company selling one of its divisions.

Notice how, in all cases , venture capital and private equity investments account for between 25% and 50% of most university endowments between 2005 and 2015. A pooled investment fund run by an intermediary on behalf of a government or corporation for the purpose of providing pensions to employees. Typically, pension funds deploy their assets into venture capital as part of their risk capital investment strategy. SBICs are lending and investment firms that are licensed by the federal government. The licensing enables them to borrow from the federal government to supplement the private funds of their investors. Some of these funds engage only in making loans to small businesses or invest only in specific industries. The majority, however, are organized to make venture capital investments in a wide variety of businesses. The sale of the assets of a portfolio company to one or more acquisition firms when venture capital investors receive some of the proceeds of the sale.